30 Toy Dog Breed [With Pictures]—Miniature Dogs

Do you find yourself swooning and talking baby talk when you meet a puppy? These toy dog breeds stay small and retain that adorable puppy look all their life! Go ahead, start scrolling and pick your favorite pupster to bring home.

The most popular dog breeds are often small and adorable; some are so tiny they’re dubbed teacup dogs. Pint-size pups make some of the best apartment dogs purely because they don’t take up too much room. And toy dog breeds are so portable, you can take them just about anywhere without too much fuss. They love being carried in totes while out on the town or in a backpack, sniffing the fresh air and taking in the scenery as you hike or bike the trails. These cute little pups are so small you might want to get more than one!

What is a toy dog breed?

We know you’re excited to see the pups, but there are a few things you should know about toy dog breeds first. For starters, how big are they? “A toy breed typically refers to a very small dog, typically weighing less than 14 to 18 pounds,” explains Alena Abens, DVM and medical director of VCA Chicago North Animal Hospital. “However,” she adds, “different kennel clubs have different breeds in their toy category.”

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For example, the American Kennel Club (AKC) lists the Affenpinscher in the toy category, while the Continental Kennel Club lists it in the pinschers and schnauzer group, and the United Kennel Club classifies it as a companion dog breed. To add to the confusion, “the Merck Veterinary Manual says toy breeds are those that weigh less than 10 pounds,” says veterinarian Matthew McCarthy, DVM, founder of Juniper Valley Animal Hospital in Middle Village, New York.

“Perhaps another way to look at this is that toy dog breeds are a group of dogs that are small in stature and bred solely for their perceived attractiveness and companionship, as opposed to having ‘practical’ skills such as pointing or retrieving,” says Dr. McCarthy. And when it comes to companionship, some toy breeds are known for being super affectionate and cuddly dogs.

Are toy breeds healthier than other breeds?

All dog breeds are susceptible to different diseases. Brachycephalic dogs, such as the pug and bulldog, have short snouts, which makes them more prone to breathing issues, especially heat stroke. Cavalier King Charles spaniels are predisposed to mitral valve heart disease, according to Dr. Abens. As for the healthiest, “Based on my experience, I would call out the Havanese and Miniature Pinscher as the least problematic,” says Dr. McCarthy. The Coton de Tulear, also on our list, is relatively free of genetic health issues, per the AKC. Don’t forget—those tiny chompers are part of the health factor too. Dr. McCarthy says periodontal issues are common in all toy breeds, so start dental care early.

Do toy breeds live longer than other breeds?

“In most of the animal kingdom, longevity increases with body size. For example, a mouse lives about 18 months while an elephant can live for 90 years. However, with dogs, longevity decreases with increased body size,” says Dr. McCarthy. For instance, it’s common for a toy poodle to live well into the teens, but sadly, Great Danes rarely live past 10 years of age. It is unknown why smaller dogs live longer, but some research has found that statistically larger dogs do in fact live shorter lives than smaller breeds, says Dr. Abens.

Read on to learn more about the most popular toy dog breeds.

Miniature schnauzer

Miniature schnauzer laying on grass looking up

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We can’t decide what’s more endearing— the mini schnauzer’s human-like eyes and bushy eyebrows, its distinguished beard and mustache, or its adorable stocky body. And if these attributes weren’t enough to make the mini schnauzer the most favored of the Schnauzer breeds (there’s the standard and giant schnauzer, too), they’re outgoing, family-loving, and friendly.

Breed Overview
Height: 12 to 14 inches
Weight: 11 to 20 pounds
Life expectancy: 12 to 15 years

Toy American Eskimo

American Eskimo Puppy in the grass looking to the side

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Here’s a shocker: The American Eskimo doesn’t come from the frozen tundras of Alaska. Eskie’s, as they are known by adoring fans, originally hail from Germany. They’re undeniably cute, playful, perky, and quick at learning tricks. They tend to be protective, with herding in their genes, but never in an “I’ll nip your feet” kind of way. And that trait goes for the miniature and standard varieties of Amerian Eskimos.

Breed Overview
Height: 9 to 12 inches
Weight: 6 to 10 pounds
Life expectancy: 13 to 15 years

Toy poodle

toy poodle sitting on a bed

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If you’re looking for an adorable toy dog breed that looks like a teddy bear, this fluffy little nugget is about the same size but much more cuddly and a whole lot more fun to play with. Maxing out at around 5 pounds and less than 10 inches tall, they’re just as portable as a stuffed animal. They’ll be your devoted sidekick for years. “Many toy poodles live to their upper teens. I’ve even seen some 24-year old toy poodles,” says Dr. McCarthy. The toy is the smallest of the poodle breed: Next is the miniature, at 10 to 15 inches tall, and the standard, at about 15 inches high.

Breed Overview
Height: 10 inches max
Weight: 4 to 6 pounds
Life expectancy: 10 to 18 years

Shih poo

A white senior Shih-Poo dog relaxing on a sofa in her home.

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If the name doesn’t give it away, this little doggie is a cross between a Shih Tzu and a poodle. You’re getting the best of both doggie genes here—the super affectionate and charming traits of the Shih Tzu, and the playful, comedic, smartypants of the poodle. Both breeds tend to shed less, so they have that going from them too.

Breed Overview
Height: 8 to 15 inches
Weight: 7 to 20 pounds
Life expectancy: 13 to 17 years


happy maltese dog

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With those expressive eyes and outgoing, spunky personalities, you would have to have a heart made from coal to resist this loveable miniature dog. Dr. Aben agrees, saying “Maltese are typically affectionate and charming, and they make both good watchdogs and athletes.” The only drawback is that their adorable white fur requires daily brushing to prevent matting. But that just means you get to spend more time with this little angel.

Breed Overview
Height: 7 to 9 inches
Weight: Under 7 pounds
Life expectancy: 12 to 15 years


Papillon dog lying on the couch stretching his paws

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“Papillons are named after the French word for butterfly due to their wing-shaped ears. They are dainty and elegant but can also make excellent agility dogs,” says Dr. Abens. They live to flaunt their stellar intelligence and agility while doing obstacle courses and obedience trials. Fortunately, the papillons don’t have to compete outside of the home to be content. Feed their curious and alert mind with food puzzles and new tricks, and after you’re all done, snuggle those adorable ears.

Breed Overview
Height: 8 to 11 inches
Weight: 5 to 10 pounds
Life expectancy: 13 to 15 years


Dachshund Chihuahua Mixed Breed Chiweenie Dog Outdoors in the grass

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We love this sweet teensy-weeny toy dog breed. Does that give you a clue as to who its parents are? This designer breed mix of a Chihuahua and a dachshund, also known as a choxie, is pocket-size but has a giant personality. Both breeds are known for their spunk and moxie and their fearless loyalty to their favorite human. Chihuahua and dachshunds come in short or long-haired, and so do chiweenies, and their bodies tend to be shorter and robust, favoring the Chihuahua, with a long and narrow tail of a dachshund.

Breed Overview
Height: 6 to 10 inches
Weight: 5 to 12 pounds
Life expectancy: 12 to 15 years

Yorkshire terrier

Yorkshire Terrier Dog on the green grass

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A delightfully sweet and devoted companion you can carry in your tote? Sign us up! Yorkies love to be with their human, and if that means a shopping trip to Nordstrom Rack in a snazzy tote, so be it. Yorkies aren’t likely to trigger allergies or shed too much. They can be little yappers, which really just translates to “lively and alert.” At least you’ll know when your Amazon order is delivered.

Breed Overview
Height: 8 to 9 inches
Weight: 4 to 6 pounds
Life expectancy: 13 to 16 years


small pug running on a walkway in public park

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“The pug motto is ‘multum in parvo‘ which translates to ‘a lot in a little,’” says Dr. Abens, and we couldn’t agree more. “They are typically happy and energetic dogs with adorable facial expressions.” And by energetic, we don’t necessarily mean physical. Truth be told, they would rather cuddle than do anything too strenuous. They’re energetic in the sense that they are extroverts—animated and gregarious, making their rounds at gatherings and entertaining the masses. Where do you think the dogs in these funny pictures got their ideas from?

Breed Overview
Height: 10 to 13 inches
Weight: 14 to 18 pounds
Life expectancy: 12 to 15 years

Cavalier King Charles spaniel

happy cavalier spaniel standing on the grass

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If there were a competition for the most comfort-bestowing toy dog breed, the Cavalier would be hard to beat. They are mild-mannered, and their heartwarming affection knows no limits, nor does their eagerness to please. They easily check off the qualifications for being one of the best dog breeds for emotional support. Yet, they can balance between being a therapy dog and a family dog title simultaneously. “They adapt well to their owner’s lifestyle, so they can be very active or lazy couch potatoes,” says Dr. Abens.

Breed Overview
Height: 12 to 13 inches
Weight: 13 to 18 pounds
Life expectancy: 9 to 14 years

English toy spaniel

English toy spaniel standing in the grass

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Whoops! Did we share the same dog twice? Nope, the English toy spaniel and CKCP are toy dog breeds everyone gets confused. Their coats are similar, but look closely, and you might notice their bodies are different. The English toy is stocky, compact, and square. The head is chunky and prominent. The Cavalier’s head is proportionate to the body, which is well-balanced and slightly longer. Personality-wise, the English toy is an affectionate, good-natured, and gentle companion dog like the Cavalier, albeit a wee bit stubborn when it comes to training.

Breed Overview
Height: 10 to 11 inches
Weight: 8 to 14 pounds
Life expectancy: 10 to 12 years


Cheerful chocolate colored havanese dog in the grass

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“Havanese are typically born trainable extroverts with silly personalities, and they can be excellent watchdogs,” Dr. Abens says. That’s about the only time they bark, so if you hear them, something’s up. Havanese delight in all kinds of activities, including performing tricks, clowning around, and playing with toys. These happy extroverts don’t shed much, but daily grooming is essential to keep their silky coat smooth.

Breed Overview
Height: 8.5 to 11.5 inches
Weight: 7 to 13 pounds
Life expectancy: 13 to 15 years


pomeranian dog standing in the grass with orange flowers in the background

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Is this sweet pom pom a miniature dog or tiny fox? That teeny fox-like face is so precious. You can’t help but scoop them up to cuddle. Sly like a fox, though—not so much. They tend to be headstrong, feisty, and sassy, and love to be the center of attention. Sometimes they’re just playful, but other times they convey their opinions with yapping.

Breed Overview
Height: 7 to 12 inches
Weight: 3 to 7 pounds
Life expectancy: 12 to 16 years

Brussels Griffon

Brussels Griffon Dog With Chestnut Color Lying On Blanket Under Tree In The Autumn Park

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The beard on a Brussels Griffon may remind you a bit of the miniature schnauzer, and then there’s that sweet, grumpy face. Griffs can be demanding, assertive, and full of self-importance—but it’s just their way of saying they want to be as close as possible to you, whether you’re on the sofa, sleeping, making dinner, or going to the bathroom. They don’t like to be left alone at home, and if they are, they will probably bark their complaints for all the neighbors to hear.

Breed Overview
Height: 7 to 8 inches
Weight: 7 to 12 pounds
Life expectancy: 10 to 15 years


Cavachon dog close up indoors

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The Cavachon is a super cute mixed dog breed whose parents are a Cavalier King Charles spaniel and Bichon Frise. The parents are part of the AKC toy group and non-sporting group, and their combined genetics create a sweetheart of a combo pooch oozing with an affectionate, sensitive, and gentle nature. That doesn’t mean they’ll be all-day lap loungers, though. They like to mingle and play with humans and other animals too.

Breed Overview
Height: 12 to 13 inches
Weight: 15 to 35 pounds
Life expectancy: 10 to 15 years

Shih Tzu

black and white shih tzu dog laying on the grass in the shade

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Their strong independent streak might not make Shih Tzus stellar students when learning new commands, but their stubborn attitude is so stinkin’ adorable, you can’t help but forgive them. And really, can you blame them? Initially bred to be companion dogs, their doting and fondness for human attention come naturally. If it were up to the Shih Tzu, it would skip even the best obedience school for dogs and meet new friends at a wine and whoof tasting.

Breed Overview
Height: 9 to 10.5 inches
Weight: 9 to 16 pounds
Life expectancy: 10 to 16 years


Affenpinscher in the grass

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We’re fairly certain affenpinschers have been stand-ins for Wookies and Ewoks in Star Wars movies. Just look at that coat! It’s a bewildering mix of neat and messy all at once, and yet affenpinschers are one of the dog breeds that don’t shed too much. They show loyalty and warm affection but are not submissive. In fact, “Affins” consider themselves a fluffy version of humans, though they’re probably the only inquisitive and fearless friend who also loves to lick your face. By the way, here’s the scary reason you shouldn’t let your dog lick your face.

Breed Overview
Height: 9.5 to 11.5 inches
Weight: 7 to 9 pounds
Life expectancy: 12 to 14 years


Chihuahua on the bed

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All dogs are individuals, but some toy breeds might be more suspicious or scared of humans and compensate for their small stature by being nippy. “Chihuahuas can go either way—when they’re nice, they are amazingly sweet, but if they have the grumpy gene, look out,” says Dr. McCarthy. “I have more scars from Chihuahuas than I do from other breeds.” Chihuahuas are not actually mean, they’re just saucy and feisty, and we wouldn’t have it any other way. Saucy or sweet, they ranked 34 out of 194 AKC’s most popular dog breeds in 2020, and this is how long they’ll live.

Breed Overview
Height: 6 to 9 inches
Weight: 2 to 6 pounds
Life expectancy: 12 to 20 years

Miniature pinscher

Miniature Pinscher Sitting On Green Grass

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We know what you’re thinking. We thought it too. The miniature pinscher is clearly a pint-size version of the Doberman pinscher, right? The teeny-weeny toy breed, also known as the min-pin, would be the first to correct you. Oddly enough, it’s dubbed the “King of Toys” even though it’s just a foot tall and weighs about 10 pounds. We can see that in its confident and courageous personality and its stately sleek and shiny coat, high-perched ears, and expressive eyes.

Breed Overview
Height: 10 to 12.5 inches
Weight: 8 to 11 pounds
Life expectancy: 15 years


Pekingese on a walk in the park

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Ahem. Will you be a dear and fetch me my royal treats? The Pekingese is a honey of a toy breed that exudes a dignified manner with a dash of aloofness. Back in the day, they were royal lap sitters. There’s definitely still some blue blood running through their veins—and tongues that are bluish-black. They’re easy-going and have layers upon layers of snuggle-worthy luxurious fur.

Breed Overview
Height: 6 to 9 inches
Weight: 7 to 14 pounds
Life expectancy: 12 to 14 years

Biewer terrier

Biewer Yorkshire Terrier standing in a grass yard

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Cute as a button, the Biewer (pronounced “beaver”) is a calm dog breed with an irresistibly cute, angelic face and a charming little smile. Biewers make friends effortlessly with their outgoing and whimsical personalities. Dainty and precious is their vibe, but in truth, they are surprisingly athletic and relish long walks and agility competitions. The AKC recognized the Biewer in 2021 as a member of the toy group.

Breed Overview
Height: 7 to 11 inches
Weight: 4 to 8 pounds
Life expectancy: 12 to 15 years

Tiny fox terrier

Toy Fox Terriers in a field

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Just how tiny is the tiny fox terrier? It weighs between 4 to 6 pounds and ranges from 8 to 11 inches tall. A teensy-weensy package loaded with character, the tiny fox is an unlikely combination of a sweet and loving lap dog with the tenacity of a terrier. Always in the pursuit of something fun, they’ll need you to bring your A-game, or they could become mischievous.

Breed Overview
Height: 8.5 to 11.5 inches
Weight: 3.5 to 7 pounds
Life expectancy: 13 to 14 years

Coton de Tulear

Coton de Tulear dog on a rock wall

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Fluffy, but not stuffy, the Coton de Tulear (KO-Tone Dih TOO-Lay-ARE) is a happy-go-lucky pup with the cutest smile you ever did see. Then there’s that alluring cottony-soft coat you could snuggle for hours. As much as the Coton de Tulear loves a good cuddle session, it needs creative outlets for its sometimes boisterous clownish antics. These dogs covet playtime with you, along with lots of interesting and challenging toys and games. You’ll have plenty of years together as the Coton de Tulear is one the longest living dog breeds, with a lifespan of 15 to 19 years.

Breed Overview
Height: 9 to 11 inches
Weight: 8 to 15 pounds
Life expectancy: 15 to 19 years

Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka

Portrait of Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka with sticked out tongue

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A charming, spirited, and clever miniature dog with a big name that’s hard to pronounce (Svet-NE-ya Bo-LON-ka) at first but in no time will roll off the tongue. The Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka is one of those rare dog breeds you probably haven’t heard of, but now that you do, you’ll want one for your own. This sweet little pup tart is chummy with everyone and turns strangers into fast friends with just one look. The Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka is more lapdog than athlete. Still, every dog needs daily exercise. A walk around the block, playtime in a fenced yard, or a trip to the dog park should suffice.

Breed Overview
Height: 8 to 12 inches
Weight: 4 to 12 pounds
Life expectancy: 12 to 16 years

Japanese Chin

Japanese chin dog relaxing on fall leaves

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The Japanese Chin struts about with a little swagger and self-importance, and we’re not about to call them out on it. This Japanese dog knows it has a coat to be envied—that long luscious fur covering its backside and heavenly feathering on its legs and ears are Instagram-worthy. Interestingly enough, Japanese chins share some traits with cats. They’re meticulous groomers, a bit aloof, and persnickety. They’ll claim their favorite spot on the sofa but are more than happy to share it if you lavish them with some love.

Breed Overview
Height: 8 to 11 inches
Weight: 7 to 11 inches
Life expectancy: 10 to 12 years

Norwich terrier

Norwich Terrier on a green grass lawn

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Portable and adorable? How can you turn down this honey of pup that you can take anywhere? At just 10 pounds, the Norwich terrier is ready to travel anywhere in the city or country. This breed loves to take in their surroundings and interact with other people, satisfying their curious nature with fun and active things to do. Agility, flyball, and playing at the dog park expend enough energy to wear them out for cuddle time later.

Breed Overview
Height: 10 inches
Weight: 12 pounds
Life expectancy: 12 to 15 years


close up of Chorkie puppy held in someoes hand

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Another tiny crossbreed, the chorkie is born of a Chihuahua and a Yorkshire terrier. And it’s pretty apparent after spending a little bit of time with one that they have acquired the lively, spunky, and sassy nature of their parents. Both breeds tend to be wary of strangers, but that’s probably due to their undying loyalty to their favorite human. They love their humans with all their might and aren’t crazy about outsiders horning in on their territory.

Breed Overview
Height: 6 to 9 inches
Weight: 8 to 15 pounds
Life expectancy: 10 to 15 years

Cesky terrier

A Cesky Terrier competes in the Terrier Group during the second day of competition at the 140th Annual Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show at Madison Square Garden on February 16, 2016 in New York City.

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Years ago, most terriers were bred to hunt and kill rodents and other small critters. Terriers today are more about play than hunting but retain a deep-seated independent streak and loads of energy—as in zoomies times ten, and a wee bit naughtiness—except the Cesky terrier. Its dignified appearance doesn’t exactly lend itself to excitedly running around chasing something. It’s a bit more mellow, cooperative, and easy to train, and a wonderful family dog.

Breed Overview
Height: 10 to 13 inches
Weight: 13 to 24 pounds
Life expectancy: 12 to 15 years

Bichon Frise

bichon frise dog on the sofa

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Their name literally means curly (as in hair) lapdog. “Bichon” describes the French word for lap dog, and “fries” is French for curly. We just think it’s a precious ball of fluffy goodness. You’ll never see any other color but white on a Bichon. Nor will you see too much fur on your floor. Their hair doesn’t shed and their skin doesn’t produce much dander, which is good news for people who have allergies to pet dander. Like humans, they’ll need haircuts via regular groomer visits. A small tradeoff for a dog that doesn’t shed and is as sweet as the day is long.

Breed Overview
Height: 9.5 to 11.5 inches
Weight: 12 to 18 pounds
Life expectancy: 14 to 15 years

Teacup poodle

teacup poodle playing with a toy outdoors

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Poodles have always been popular, so it’s no wonder that tiny teacup dog poodles are desired by people who want the companionship of a cute and curly poodle, just in a smaller version.

A teacup dog is usually smaller than a toy breed and is not recognized by the AKC. It’s not just the size that veterinarians worry about. After all, the Chihuahua is an AKC toy breed that weighs only about five pounds, similar to toy breeds. The concern is due to unethical breeding practices. Breeding runts of the litter leads to a host of health problems, such as the inability to maintain blood sugar levels. Plus, they are so small that they can easily be injured.

Breed Overview
Height: 9 inches max
Weight: 6 pounds max
Life expectancy: 12 to 14 years


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